|Note:||It is possible to use memory mapped CPU registers as documented in the CPU reference manual to control GPIO. When using this, be aware that the kernel may attempt to also access these registers for various reasons. Also note that each register represents a bank of GPIO pins. Use a read-modify-write operation to avoid disturbing other GPIO pins. We strongly recommend using the sysfs interface as described below.|
The i.MX6 GPIO are available using the kernel sysfs interface. See the kernel's documentation here for more detail. This interface provides a set of files and directories for interacting with GPIO. This allows GPIO to be accessed from any language that can read and write files. For example, to toggle CN1_89/EIM_A22, the kernel maps this to GPIO 48 (See the table below for the full I/O mapping).
To interact with this pin, first export it to userspace:
echo "48" > /sys/class/gpio/export
If the command returns with a permission denied on a GPIO that means it is claimed by another kernel driver. If it succeeds, the kernel will create the "/sys/class/gpio/gpio48/" directory. The relevant files in this directory are:
direction - "in", "high", "low", or "out". Out is equivalent to low value - write "1" or "0", or read "1" or "0" if direction is in edge - write with "rising", "falling", or "none"
# Set GPIO 48 high echo "out" > /sys/class/gpio/gpio48/direction echo "1" > /sys/class/gpio/gpio48/value # Set GPIO 48 low echo "0" > /sys/class/gpio/gpio48/value # Read the value of GPIO 48 echo "in" > /sys/class/gpio/gpio48/direction cat /sys/class/gpio/gpio48/value
As an output, the "value" file can be written with "0" for low (GND), or "1" for high (3.3V). As an input the GPIO will have a 100k pullup. The GPIO pins from the i.MX6 processor support an absolute maximum voltage range of -0.5 to 3.6V. It is also possible to use any processor GPIO as an interrupt. This is done by writing the "edge" file and using select() or poll() on the "value" file to watch for changes. See the Interrupts section for more details.